Distance from Potenza: 52 km
Distance from Matera: 112 km
Altitude: 532 m amsl
Postal code: 85025
Inhabitants: 16671 (Melfitani)
Commune in the province of Potenza
Melfi, and its imposing Norman-Swabian Castle, was built at the foot of the Vulture Mountain. Dauni and Lucani used to live here and their settlements are recognisable in the archaeological finds of this area, now kept in the National Museum. In the Middle Ages, this town was subjected to the Longobard and Byzantine influence and became an important centre and a commercial crux.
Its geographical position was in fact strategic, being halfway between Puglia, dominated by the Byzantine Greeks, and the territories of Benevento and Salerno, dominated by the Longobards. This is probably the main reason why it has a rich and complex history.
Melfi had several dominators, amongst them were Normans and Swabians, who had a predominant influence over the cultural heritage of this town. Federico II (Frederick II) made it one of his main residences.
The spectacular scene of its mediaeval centre, with the wonderful ‘Duomo’ (Cathedral), contrasts with the modern shape of a present industrial centre.
The Crypt of Santa Margherita is very interesting.
Piazza Umberto I, 11
85025 - Melfi (PZ)
Tel.: 0972 239751 - Fax: 0972 239751
ANNO INIZIO ATTIVITA': 1954